- At the UN Climate Conference in Glasgow, it stressed that the nations of the world must begin the process of coal emissions for the first time.
- The declaration, approved by about 200 states on Saturday, called for the elimination of “inefficient” subsidies for oil, gas and coal.
- However, the word was weakened at the last minute by pressure from China and India.
EU Commissioner Franz Timmermans expressed his deep disappointment over the recession. Switzerland was also disappointed with the final return, but dropped its opposition. Nevertheless, Timmermans hailed the demand for the gradual removal of coal as “historically significant”.
Disappointment with the UN Secretary General
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has shown himself relaxed by compromise. “This is an important step, but it’s not enough. It’s time to go into emergency mode,” Guterres wrote on Twitter after the delegates acknowledged the final announcement on Saturday evening.
British COP26 leader Alok Sharma struggled with tears as several states complained bitterly about last-minute leaks on Saturday evening, shortly before the final vote. “I apologize for the inconvenience. I am very sorry, ”said the presenter.
He added: “Protecting this package is of fundamental importance.” Then the voice slipped and looked down. Delegates assisted him in the emotional moment with long applause.
In terms of volunteering
Countries are collectively committed to the goal of stopping global warming by 1.5 degrees compared to pre-industrial times. For this purpose, they need to refine their previously inadequate climate protection plans by the end of 2022. But it is voluntary, there is no obligation.
So far, the submitted projects are not enough to achieve the 1.5 degree target agreed in Paris in 2015. If this is to happen, the declaration says global emissions of climate-harmful greenhouse gases must fall by 45 percent in the next decade.
Financial assistance to poor countries
More financial assistance has been promised to poor countries in line with the dire consequences of the climate crisis in many places. Tens of thousands of people are already facing frequent and prolonged drought and heat waves or more violent storms and floods.
In particular, this financial assistance will double by 2025, which is currently around $ 20 billion to about $ 40 billion (approximately ப 35 billion). This is the first time that poor countries have called for a cash box to be set up to help with damage and loss.
It refers to destruction or forced resettlement after drought, hurricane waves or hurricanes. Rich states are being asked to pay for it. However, no definite amount has been provided for this. There should only be “technical support” after damages, but full damages should not be paid.
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