- The major economic powers (G20) have committed themselves to Rome in accordance with the Paris Climate Agreement.
- In their final announcement, the states reaffirmed their goal of controlling global warming by 1.5 degrees compared to pre-industrial times.
- On the other hand, it is not clear what specific actions the G20 team wants to take to achieve these goals. The ambitious declaration on climate protection could not be accepted by the major economic powers.
- US President Joe Biden has blamed China and Russia for frustrating many climate activists with the results of the G20 summit.
The Prime Minister of Italy Mario Draghi supported the results after the summit. “This summit was a success,” he told a news conference in Rome, highlighting the G20’s commitment to the 2015 goal of controlling global warming to 1.5 degrees. An important goal was achieved with the determination to end funding for coal for power generation.
Climate enthusiasts, on the other hand, were disappointed by the end of the two-day summit of the 20 most important industrial and developing countries (G20) in Rome. The final declaration does not contain a specific target date for critical carbon dioxide neutralization or a gradual exit date for coal-fired power generation.
Disappointment among meteorologists
Climate expert John Oval from Oxfam was disappointed by the G20 announcement. “The G20 summit should have been a big step forward for COP26 for the UN World Climate Conference in Glasgow,” says Kowalzig. “It didn’t work.” Under the Paris Agreement, the G20 has failed to recognize the inadequacy of its self-determination and has committed itself to “urgently needed, immediate progress”.
“Even Germany and the European Union are not yet ready to do their fair share,” Kowalzik complained. The world is currently heading for a catastrophic warming of 2.7 degrees, although a maximum of 1.5 degrees is considered the main gateway. Should not be improved in five years. “The planet is on fire – and we do not have the luxury of delays.”
Financial responsibilities are not adequate to adapt to climate change in poorer and poorer countries. Only a quarter are currently in the process of protecting people. For example, important schemes to protect the harvest against drought, flood or early warning systems could not be implemented.
China and Russia should be considered
Although the goal should be set to “net zero emissions or carbon dioxide neutralization of greenhouse gases” by the beginning of 2050, the goal is usually only “up to or around the middle of the century”. This means that only as many emissions as possible can be controlled.
US President Joe Biden has blamed China and Russia for frustrating many climate activists with the results of the G20 summit. Biden said Sunday after a two-day summit in Rome that he was “disappointed” that the two countries were unwilling to make any commitments on climate protection. “People have a reason to be disappointed. This disappointed me.
$ 100 billion in aid
The commitment to phase out investment in coal-fired power plants is not very specific. If it first happened in the “2030s”, that year is not in the final report. It is now considered “as soon as possible”. This means that China or India, which relies heavily on coal for power generation, has been reconsidered and it is difficult to meet the demand.
After the summit, Drake said China and India had joined hands in the past few days to remove coal as a precaution. There is a new approach that climate protection cannot succeed without multilateral cooperation.
However, the G20 announced that it would not use public funds to build coal-fired power plants abroad by the end of this year. In the declaration, the states have once again committed themselves to the goal of providing 100 billion euros to poor countries for climate-friendly restructuring of their economies.
Outgoing President Angela Merkel hailed the decisions taken after her last G20 summit as a “good signal” to Glasgow. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who traveled from the G20 to the climate summit on Sunday, tweeted: “I leave Rome hoping to fulfill – but at least they are not buried.”
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